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Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.


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Geography

Location
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates
12 30 N, 69 58 W

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean

Area World Ranking: 217
Total 180 sq km
Land 180 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
68.5 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm

Climate
Tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain
Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point Ceru Jamanota 188 m

Natural resources
NEGL; white sandy beaches

Land use
Arable land 10.53%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 89.47% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA (1998 est.)

Natural hazards
Hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
A flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)


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  Aruba [ Netherlands ] (Kingdom Of The Netherlands):


  GPS points from Aruba [ Netherlands ] (Kingdom Of The Netherlands)

Mon Pos Aruba (general)

Canashitu Aruba (general)

Mabon Aruba (general)

San Fuego Aruba (general)

Paraguana Aruba (general)

Spaans Lagoen Aruba (general)

Jamanota Aruba (general)

Arashi Aruba (general)




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