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These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, became a marine reserve in 2000.


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Geography

Location
Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island

Geographic coordinates
12 14 S, 123 05 E

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 247
Total 5 sq km
Land 5 sq km
Water 0 sq km
Note
Includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island

Area - comparative
About eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
74.1 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Contiguous zone 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone 200 nm
Continental shelf
200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate
Tropical

Terrain
Low with sand and coral

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point Unnamed location 3 m

Natural resources
Fish

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other
100% (all grass and sand) (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
Surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards

Environment - current issues
Illegal killing of protected wildlife by traditional Indonesian fisherman, as well as fishing by non-traditional Indonesian vessels, are ongoing problems

Geography - note
Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983; Cartier Island Marine Reserve established in 2000


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  Ashmore And Cartier Islands [ Australia ]:




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