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Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Austrian(s)
Adjective Austrian

Ethnic groups
Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

Languages
German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)

Religions
Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 94
8,219,743 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
14% (male 590,855/female 563,300)
15-64 years
67.7% (male 2,793,725/female 2,769,840)
65 years and over
18.2% (male 627,456/female 872,104) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 43.4 years
Male 42.3 years
Female 44.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 187
0.026% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 213
8.69 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 49
10.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 41
1.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 68% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
VIENNA (capital) 1.693 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.73 male(s)/female
Total population
0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 179
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 195
Total 4.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 5.16 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 33
Total population 79.91 years
Male 77 years
Female 82.97 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 199
1.41 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 20
11% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
4.749 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density
7.71 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 90
0.3% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 84
15,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 149
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 53
11% (2008)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 46
5.4% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 98%
Male NA
Female NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 15 years
Male 15 years
Female 15 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 103
Total 10%
Male 10.5%
Female 9.4% (2009)


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  Austria (Vienna):


  GPS points from Austria (Vienna)

Mandlstein Lower Austria

Reifling Styria

Teuchlbach Carinthia

Brundlfeld Lower Austria

Loasleiten Burgenland

Hornsburg Lower Austria

Maraun Berg Carinthia

Wolfgang Styria




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