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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms in the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK in 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form None
Conventional short form Barbados

Government type
Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Capital
Name Bridgetown
Geographic coordinates 13 06 N, 59 37 W
Time difference
UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
11 parishes and 1 city*; Bridgetown*, Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas

Independence
30 November 1966 (from the UK)

Constitution
30 November 1966

Legal system
English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation
Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Elliot BELGRAVE (since 1 June 2012)
Head of government
Prime Minister Fruendel STUART (since 23 October 2010)
Cabinet
Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister

Legislative branch
Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 12 on the advice of the Prime Minister, 2 on the advice of the opposition leader, and 7 at his discretion) and the House of Assembly (30 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Elections
House of Assembly - last held on 15 January 2008 (next to be called in 2012)
Election results
House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - DLP 52.5%, BLP 47.3%; seats by party - DLP 20, BLP 10

Judicial branch
Supreme Court of Judicature consists of a High Court and a Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Services); Caribbean Court of Justice or CCJ is the highest court of appeal; based in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Political parties and leaders
Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [Freundel STUART]; People's Empowerment Party or PEP [David COMISSIONG]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Barbados Secondary Teachers' Union or BSTU [Patrick FROST]; Barbados Union of Teachers or BUT [Herbert GITTENS]; Congress of Trade Unions and Staff Associations of Barbados or CTUSAB, (includes the BWU, NUPW, BUT, and BSTU) [Leroy TROTMAN]; Barbados Workers Union or BWU [Leroy TROTMAN]; Clement Payne Labor Union [David COMISSIONG]; National Union of Public Workers [Joseph GODDARD]

International organization participation
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission Ambassador John BEALE
Chancery
2144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone [1] (202) 939-9200
FAX [1] (202) 332-7467
Consulate(s) general Miami, New York
Consulate(s) Los Angeles

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador (vacant); Charge d' Affaires D. Brent HARDT
Embassy
U.S. Embassy, Wildey Business Park, Wildey, St. Michael BB 14006
Mailing address
P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown BB 11000; CMR 1014, APO AA 34055
Telephone [1] (246) 227-4399
FAX [1] (246) 431-0179

Flag description
Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the band colors represent the blue of the sea and sky and the gold of the beaches; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)

National symbol(s)
Neptune's trident

National anthem
Name
"The National Anthem of Barbados"
Lyrics/music
Irving BURGIE/C. Van Roland EDWARDS
Note
Adopted 1966; the anthem is also known as "In Plenty and In Time of Need"


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  Barbados (Bridgetown):


  GPS points from Barbados (Bridgetown)

Cuckold Point Saint Lucy

Chancery Lane Christ Church

Saint Joseph Saint Joseph

The Spout Saint Lucy

Bentleys Saint Philip

Cobbler's Rock Saint Philip

Bridgetown Harbour Saint Michael

Gall Hill Christ Church




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