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The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms in the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK in 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)
Adjective
Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)

Ethnic groups
Black 93%, white 3.2%, mixed 2.6%, East Indian 1%, other 0.2% (2000 census)

Languages
English

Religions
Protestant 63.4% (Anglican 28.3%, Pentecostal 18.7%, Methodist 5.1%, other 11.3%), Roman Catholic 4.2%, other Christian 7%, other 4.8%, none or unspecified 20.6% (2008 est.)

Population World Ranking: 180
287,733 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
18.9% (male 27,127/female 27,127)
15-64 years
71.3% (male 100,594/female 103,751)
65 years and over
9.8% (male 10,982/female 17,124) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 36.9 years
Male 35.8 years
Female 38 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 162
0.354% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 161
12.23 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 86
8.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 129
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 44% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BRIDGETOWN (capital) 112,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.01 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.65 male(s)/female
Total population
0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 107
51 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 133
Total 11.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 12.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
10.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 102
Total population 74.52 years
Male 72.25 years
Female 76.82 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 170
1.68 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 86
6.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.811 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density
7.6 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 37
1.4% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 134
2,100 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 148
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 19
6.7% of GDP (2009)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population 99.7%
Male 99.7%
Female 99.7% (2002 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 13 years
Male 13 years
Female 14 years (2001)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 23
Total 26.2%
Male 24.1%
Female 28.7% (2003)


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  Barbados (Bridgetown):


  GPS points from Barbados (Bridgetown)

Newbury Saint George

Josey Hill Saint Lucy

Drax Hall Jump Saint George

Fryer's Well Point Saint Lucy

Chandler Bay Saint Lucy

Moores Saint John

Indian River Saint Michael

South Point Christ Church




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