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This uninhabited, volcanic, Antarctic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is the most remote island on Earth, making it difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by the French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825, when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Norway designated Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters a nature reserve. Since 1977, Norway has run an automated meteorological station and studied foraging strategies and distribution of fur seals and penguins on the island.


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Geography

Location
Island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

Geographic coordinates
54 26 S, 3 24 E

Map references
Antarctic Region

Area World Ranking: 232
Total 49 sq km
Land 49 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
About 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
29.6 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 4 nm

Climate
Antarctic

Terrain
Volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible

Elevation extremes
Lowest point South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point Olav Peak 935 m

Natural resources
None

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (93% ice) (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
NA

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
Covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve by Norway


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  Bouvet Island [ Norway ] (Norway):


  GPS points from Bouvet Island [ Norway ] (Norway)

Kaap Lollo Bouvetoya (general)

Ola Hoiland Pillar Bouvetoya (general)

Lindsayrevet Bouvetoya (general)

Morrellrevet Bouvetoya (general)

Kaap Meteor Bouvetoya (general)

Wilhelmplataet Bouvetoya (general)

Posadowsky Glacier Bouvetoya (general)

Mosbys Topp Bouvetoya (general)




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