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Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.


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Military

Military branches
Brazilian Army (Exercito Brasileiro, EB), Brazilian Navy (Marinha do Brasil (MB), includes Naval Air and Marine Corps (Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais)), Brazilian Air Force (Forca Aerea Brasileira, FAB) (2011)

Military service age and obligation
21-45 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 9 to 12 months; 17-45 years of age for voluntary service; an increasing percentage of the ranks are "long-service" volunteer professionals; women were allowed to serve in the armed forces beginning in early 1980s when the Brazilian Army became the first army in South America to accept women into career ranks; women serve in Navy and Air Force only in Women's Reserve Corps (2001)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 53,350,703
Females age 16-49 53,433,918 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 38,993,989
Females age 16-49 44,841,661 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 1,733,168
Female 1,672,477 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 88
1.7% of GDP (2009)


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  Brazil (Brasi­lia):


  GPS points from Brazil (Brasi­lia)

Pinheiro Machado Rio Grande Do Sul

Carrapato Estado Da Bahia

Ilha Tamaquere Amazonas

Morro Do Uva Estado Do Parana

Igarape Mandi Estado De Rondonia

Serra Do Padre Bento Estado Do Ceara

Peroba Estado Do Parana

Rio Do Aterrado Estado De Santa Catarina




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