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The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Bruneian(s)
Adjective Bruneian

Ethnic groups
Malay 66.3%, Chinese 11.2%, indigenous 3.4%, other 19.1% (2004 est.)

Languages
Malay (official), English, Chinese

Religions
Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%

Population World Ranking: 175
408,786 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
25.5% (male 52,944/female 49,729)
15-64 years
70.9% (male 141,121/female 143,977)
65 years and over
3.5% (male 6,881/female 7,238) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 28.7 years
Male 28.5 years
Female 28.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 68
1.691% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 106
17.74 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 213
3.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 32
2.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 76% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 22,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.95 male(s)/female
Total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 134
24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 139
Total 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 13.31 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
8.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 76
Total population 76.37 years
Male 74.09 years
Female 78.75 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 149
1.85 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 177
3% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.417 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
2.71 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 114
Less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 159
Fewer than 200 (2003 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 112
Fewer than 200 (2003 est.)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 92.7%
Male 95.2%
Female 90.2% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 14 years
Male 14 years
Female 14 years (2009)


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  Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan):


  GPS points from Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan)

Sungai Kangkan Brunei (general)

Sungai Arur Damit Brunei (general)

Rambai Brunei (general)

Laut Tiongkok Selatan Brunei (general)

Rasau Brunei (general)

Sungai Buloh Balui Brunei (general)

Batu Pagon Brunei (general)

Sungei Malino Brunei (general)




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