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Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 176
32,600 (2010)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 138
1.98 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Sparse system of open-wire, radiotelephone communications, and low-capacity microwave radio relays
Domestic
Telephone density one of the lowest in the world; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing but remains at roughly 20 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 257; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
State-controlled La Radiodiffusion et Television Nationale de Burundi (RTNB) operates the lone TV station and the only national radio network; about 10 privately-owned radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters are available in Bujumbura (2007)

Internet country code
.bi

Internet hosts World Ranking: 195
236 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 147
157,800 (2009)


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  Burundi (Bujumbura):


  GPS points from Burundi (Bujumbura)

Bukinja Iprovense Ya Muyinga

Shoza Ngozi

Nyamibindi Iprovense Ya Makamba

Nyamirande Makamba

Gasharashara Iprovense Ya Cankuzo

Mubogora Iprovense Ya Kayanza

Nzigi Gitega

Mwibu Muyinga




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