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Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.


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Military

Military branches
National Defense Forces (Forces de Defense Nationale, FDN): Army (includes naval detachment, Air Wing, and Coast Guard), National Gendarmerie (2011)

Military service age and obligation
Military service is voluntary; the armed forces law of 31 December 2004 does not specify a minimum age for enlistment, but the government claims that no one younger than 18 is being recruited; mandatory retirement age 45 (enlisted), 50 (NCOs), and 55 (officers) (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 2,182,327
Females age 16-49 2,202,125 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 1,398,769
Females age 16-49 1,481,417 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 117,956
Female 116,956 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 10
5.9% of GDP (2006 est.)


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  Burundi (Bujumbura):


  GPS points from Burundi (Bujumbura)

Rubanga Bubanza

Gakoni Muyinga

Basaro Iprovense Ya Kirundo

Kirumura Cibitoke

Rabiro Karuzi

Gikombe Cankuzo

Gikarama Ruyigi

Kigarama Gitega




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