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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

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Transportation

Military


French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 89
669,000 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 71
10.475 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
System includes cable, microwave radio relay, and tropospheric scatter; Camtel, the monopoly provider of fixed-line service, provides connections for only about 3 per 100 persons; equipment is old and outdated, and connections with many parts of the country are unreliable
Domestic
Mobile-cellular usage, in part a reflection of the poor condition and general inadequacy of the fixed-line network, has increased sharply, reaching a subscribership base of 50 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 237; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
Government maintains tight control over broadcast media; state-owned Cameroon Radio Television (CRTV), broadcasting on both a TV and radio network, was the only officially recognized and fully licensed broadcaster until August 2007 when the government finally issued licenses to 2 private TV broadcasters and 1 private radio broadcaster; about 70 privately-owned, unlicensed radio stations operating but are subject to closure at any time; foreign news services required to partner with state-owned national station (2007)

Internet country code
.cm

Internet hosts World Ranking: 135
9,553 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 106
749,600 (2009)


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  Cameroon (Yaounde):


  GPS points from Cameroon (Yaounde)

Mbo South Region

Mosso East Province

Ouanlobo Adamaoua Region

Bibia South Region

Katual Cameroon (general)

Bota South-west Province

Mbemdem Centre Region

Mimbi South Region




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