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The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Cape Verde
Conventional short form Cape Verde
Local long form Republica de Cabo Verde
Local short form Cabo Verde

Government type
Republic

Capital
Name Praia
Geographic coordinates 14 55 N, 23 31 W
Time difference
UTC-1 (4 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
17 municipalities (concelhos, singular - concelho); Boa Vista, Brava, Maio, Mosteiros, Paul, Porto Novo, Praia, Ribeira Brava, Ribeira Grande, Ribeira Grande de Santiago, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina do Fogo, Santa Cruz, Sao Domingos, Sao Filipe, Sao Lourenco dos Orgaos, Sao Miguel, Sao Salvador do Mundo, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal, Tarrafal de Sao Nicolau

Independence
5 July 1975 (from Portugal)

Constitution
25 September 1992; a major revision on 23 November 1995 substantially increased the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)

Legal system
Civil law system of Portugal

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Jorge Carlos FONSECA (since 9 September 2011)
Head of government
Prime Minister Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1 February 2001)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 7 August 2011 with a second round runoff on 21 August 2011; prime minister nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president
Election results
Percent of vote (second round) - Jorge Carlos FONSECA 53.4%, Manuel Inocencio SOUSA 46.6%

Legislative branch
Unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (72 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 6 February 2011 (next to be held by 2016)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PAICV 38, MPD 32, UCID 2

Judicial branch
Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Supremo Tribunal de Justia; Court of Audit; Military Courts; Fiscal and Customs Courts

Political parties and leaders
African Party for Independence of Cape Verde or PAICV [Jose Maria Pereira NEVES, chairman]; Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union or UCID [Antonio MONTEIRO]; Democratic Christian Party or PDC [Manuel RODRIGUES]; Democratic Renovation Party or PRD [Victor FIDALGO]; Movement for Democracy or MPD [Jorge SANTOS]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO]; Party of Work and Solidarity or PTS [Isaias RODRIGUES]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Joao ALEM]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Other
Environmentalists; political pressure groups

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, CD, CPLP, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Fatima Lima VEIGA
Chancery
3415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone [1] (202) 965-6820
FAX [1] (202) 965-1207
Consulate(s) general Boston

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Adrienne O'NEAL
Embassy Rua Abilio Macedo n6, Praia
Mailing address C. P. 201, Praia
Telephone [238] 2-60-89-00
FAX [238] 2-61-13-55

Flag description
Five unequal horizontal bands; the top-most band of blue - equal to one half the width of the flag - is followed by three bands of white, red, and white, each equal to 1/12 of the width, and a bottom stripe of blue equal to one quarter of the flag width; a circle of 10, yellow, five-pointed stars is centered on the red stripe and positioned 3/8 of the length of the flag from the hoist side; blue stands for the sea and the sky, the circle of stars represents the 10 major islands united into a nation, the stripes symbolize the road to formation of the country through peace (white) and effort (red)

National anthem
Name
"Cantico da Liberdade" (Song of Freedom)
Lyrics/music
Amilcar Spencer LOPES/Adalberto Higino Tavares SILVA
Note Adopted 1996


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  Cape Verde (Praia):


  GPS points from Cape Verde (Praia)

Pedra Lume Concelho Do Sal

Tarrafal Concelho Do Tarrafal

Ilheu Raso Concelho De Sao Vicente

Areia Branca Concelho De Sao Vicente

Monte Arranha Perna Concelho Do Porto Novo

Vila Da Ribeira Brava Concelho Da Ribeira Brava

Vinagre Concelho Da Brava

Ponta Da Praia Formosa Concelho Do Porto Novo




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