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The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Cape Verdean(s)
Adjective Cape Verdean

Ethnic groups
Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Languages
Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

Religions
Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

Population World Ranking: 171
523,568 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
32.6% (male 84,545/female 83,718)
15-64 years
61.9% (male 154,697/female 164,917)
65 years and over
5.5% (male 10,648/female 17,575) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 23.1 years
Male 22.3 years
Female 23.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 83
1.428% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 79
21.21 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 155
6.28 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 143
-0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 61% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
PRAIA (capital) 125,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.6 male(s)/female
Total population
0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 83
79 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 78
Total 26.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 29.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
22.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 143
Total population 71 years
Male 68.78 years
Female 73.27 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 84
2.44 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 165
3.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.572 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
2.07 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 163
0.04% (2001 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 147
775 (2001)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 100
225 (as of 2001)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 31
5.9% of GDP (2009)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 84.3%
Male 89.3%
Female 79.4% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 11 years
Female 12 years (2009)


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  Cape Verde (Praia):


  GPS points from Cape Verde (Praia)

Portal Concelho Do Tarrafal

Porto Da Faja Concelho Da Brava

Martiana Concelho Do Porto Novo

Palhal Concelho Do Tarrafal De Sao Nicolau

Ponta Fendida Concelho Do Sao Filipe

Achada Grande Concelho Dos Mosteiros

Vila Do Porto Novo Cape Verde (general)

Relva Concelho Dos Mosteiros




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