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The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. BOZIZE was reelected in the 2011 elections, which were widely viewed as having gross inaccuracies and discrepancies. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Militant group Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 222
2,300 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 151
1.124 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication
Domestic
Limited telephone service with less than 1 fixed-line connection per 100 persons; spurred by the presence of multiple mobile-cellular service providers, cellular usage is increasing from a low base; most fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone services are concentrated in Bangui
International
Country code - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
Government-owned network, Radiodiffusion Television Centrafricaine, provides domestic TV broadcasting; licenses for 2 private TV stations are pending; state-owned radio network is supplemented by a small number of privately-owned broadcast stations as well as a few community radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code
.cf

Internet hosts World Ranking: 220
20 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 191
22,600 (2009)


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  Central African Republic (Bangui):


  GPS points from Central African Republic (Bangui)

Boro Central African Republic (general)

Goussa Central African Republic (general)

Yaligaza Prefecture De La Ouaka

Hamou Central African Republic (general)

Wekere Central African Republic (general)

Gbaberi Prefecture De La Nana-mambere

At Ta`a'ishah Central African Republic (general)

Bubangi Prefecture De La Lobaye




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