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Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche Indians were completely subjugated. After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 47
3.366 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 41
22.4 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Privatization began in 1988; most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America; modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations
Domestic
Number of fixed-line connections have stagnated in recent years as mobile-cellular usage continues to increase, reaching 130 telephones per 100 persons
International
Country code - 56; landing points for the Pan American, South America-1, and South American Crossing/Latin America Nautilus submarine cables providing links to the US and to Central and South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
National and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self-financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately-owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.cl

Internet hosts World Ranking: 39
1.854 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 39
7.009 million (2009)


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  Chile (Santiago):


  GPS points from Chile (Santiago)

Punta Cuidado Region De Valparaiso

Huidif Region De Los Lagos

Monte Muela Region De Magallanes Y De La Antartica Chilena

Laguna Puyehue Region Del Biobio

Punta Audley Region De Magallanes Y De La Antartica Chilena

Calate Region De Tarapaca

Los Chacapes Region De Atacama

Laguna De Longontoma Region De Valparaiso




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