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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

Communications

Transportation

Military


Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Territory of Christmas Island
Conventional short form Christmas Island

Dependency status
Non-self governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government

Government type
NA

Capital
Name The Settlement
Geographic coordinates 10 25 S, 105 43 E
Time difference
UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
None (territory of Australia)

Independence
None (territory of Australia)

National holiday
Australia Day, 26 January (1788)

Constitution
Christmas Island Act of 1958-59 (1 October 1958) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992

Legal system
Legal system is under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law

Suffrage
18 years of age

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) represented by the Australian governor general
Head of government
Administrator Brian LACY (since 5 October 2009)
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the Australian prime minister; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative branch
Unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
Elections
Held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held on 17 October 2009 (next to be held in 2011)
Election results
Percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 9

Judicial branch
Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court

Political parties and leaders
None

Political pressure groups and leaders
None

International organization participation
None

Diplomatic representation in the us
None (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the us
None (territory of Australia)

Flag description
Territorial flag; divided diagonally from upper hoist to lower fly; the upper triangle is green with a yellow image of the Golden Bosun Bird superimposed, the lower triangle is blue with the Southern Cross constellation, representing Australia, superimposed; a centered yellow disk displays a green map of the island
Note
The flag of Australia is used for official purposes

National symbol(s)
Golden bosun bird

National anthem
Note
As a territory of Australia, "Advance Australia Fair" remains official as the national anthem, while "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see Australia)


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  Christmas Island [ Australia ] (Australia):




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