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Military


Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008 AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 186
23,600 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 177
216,400 (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Sparse system of microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communication stations
Domestic
Fixed-line connections only about 3 per 100 persons; mobile cellular usage about 30 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 269; landing point for the EASSy fiber-optic submarine cable system connecting East Africa with Europe and North America; HF radiotelephone communications to Madagascar and Reunion

Broadcast media
National state-owned TV station and a TV station run by Anjouan regional government; national state-owned radio; regional governments on the islands of Grande Comore and Anjouan each operate a radio station; a few independent and small community radio stations operate on the islands of Grande Comore and Moheli, and these two islands have access to Mayotte Radio and French TV (2007)

Internet country code
.km

Internet hosts World Ranking: 222
15 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 186
24,300 (2009)


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  Comoros (Moroni):


  GPS points from Comoros (Moroni)

Kombani Ile Autonome De Grande Comore

Pointe Longoni Comoros (general)

Mont Mausapere Comoros (general)

Bandani Mwali

Djoyezi Mwali

Sanadani Ndzuwani

Bandeli Comoros (general)

Marahare Ndzuwani




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