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Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008 AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Comoran(s)
Adjective Comoran

Ethnic groups
Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages
Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Religions
Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

Population World Ranking: 164
737,284 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
41.6% (male 166,141/female 164,788)
15-64 years
55.3% (male 217,046/female 222,093)
65 years and over
3.1% (male 11,053/female 13,562) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 18.9 years
Male 18.3 years
Female 19.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 44
2.063% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 41
31.49 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 93
8.19 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 172
-2.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 28% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
MORONI (capital) 49,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 0.99 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.92 male(s)/female
Total population
0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 42
280 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 21
Total 68.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 80.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
57.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 181
Total population 62.74 years
Male 60.54 years
Female 65.01 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 41
4.09 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 172
3.4% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.15 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density
2.2 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 117
0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 153
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 144
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 26
25% (2000)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 13
7.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 74.9%
Male 80.2%
Female 69.7% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 11 years
Male 12 years
Female 10 years (2005)


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  Comoros (Moroni):


  GPS points from Comoros (Moroni)

Haouache Mwali

Mbarichiani Ile Autonome De Grande Comore

Anse Ajangua Comoros (general)

Pomoni Ndzuwani

Cratere De Mondzaza Ile Autonome De Grande Comore

Mdzidou Ile Autonome De Grande Comore

Panki Ndzuwani

Hamada Ali Mwali




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