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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

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Transportation

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Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including: disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 66
1.491 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 110
4.358 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Good domestic telephone service in terms of breadth of coverage; under the terms of CAFTA-DR, the state-run telecommunications monopoly is scheduled to be opened to competition from domestic and international firms, but has been slow to open to competition
Domestic
Point-to-point and point-to-multi-point microwave, fiber-optic, and coaxial cable link rural areas; Internet service is available
International
Country code - 506; landing points for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1), MAYA-1, and the Pan American Crossing submarine cables that provide links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
Multiple privately-owned TV stations and 1 publicly-owned TV station; cable network services are widely available; more than 100 privately-owned radio stations and a public radio network (2007)

Internet country code
.cr

Internet hosts World Ranking: 78
146,164 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 82
1.485 million (2009)


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  Costa Rica (San Jose):


  GPS points from Costa Rica (San Jose)

Rio Jimenez Provincia De Limon

Honda Provincia De Cartago

Vueltas Provincia De Guanacaste

San Isidro Provincia De Cartago

Hacienda Venado Provincia De San Jose

Rio Cuajiniquil Provincia De Puntarenas

Chira Island Provincia De Puntarenas

Curabandi Guanacaste




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