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The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 61
1.761 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 100
5.115 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
The telecommunications network has improved steadily since the mid-1990s; local lines are digital
Domestic
Fixed-line teledensity holding steady at about 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions exceed the population
International
Country code - 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch in Zagreb; Croatia participates in the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of 2 fiber-optic trunk connections with Slovenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; the ADRIA-1 submarine cable provides connectivity to Albania and Greece (2011)

Broadcast media
The national state-owned public broadcaster, Croatian Radiotelevision (HRT), operates 2 terrestrial TV networks, a satellite channel that rebroadcasts programs for Croatians living abroad, and 6 regional TV centers; 2 private broadcasters operate national terrestrial networks; roughly 25 privately-owned regional TV stations; multi-channel cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; state-owned public broadcaster operates 3 national radio networks and a number of regional radio stations; 2 privately-owned national radio networks and more than 150 regional, county, city, and community radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.hr

Internet hosts World Ranking: 50
725,521 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 73
2.234 million (2009)


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  Croatia (Zagreb):


  GPS points from Croatia (Zagreb)

Veljun Licko-senjska Zupanija

Golic Licko-senjska Zupanija

Vinogradi Ludbreski Varazdinska Zupanija

Savulja Vukovarsko-srijemska Zupanija

Zute Jame Brodsko-posavska Zupanija

Iural Istarska Zupanija

Crlena Zemja Istarska Zupanija

Otok Gaz Istarska Zupanija




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