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People and Society






The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.


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People And Society

Noun Croat(s), Croatian(s)
Adjective Croatian

Ethnic groups
Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)

Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) 2.9% (2001 census)

Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 123
4,480,043 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.1% (male 346,553/female 328,677)
15-64 years
68.1% (male 1,516,884/female 1,536,065)
65 years and over
16.9% (male 296,268/female 459,357) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 41.7 years
Male 39.7 years
Female 43.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 202
-0.092% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 198
9.57 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 30
11.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 45
1.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 58% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
ZAGREB (capital) 685,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.66 male(s)/female
Total population
0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 142
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 173
Total 6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 6.16 deaths/1,000 live births
5.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 81
Total population 75.99 years
Male 72.38 years
Female 79.8 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 195
1.44 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 60
7.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
2.59 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
5.49 beds/1,000 population (2007)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 118
Less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 145
Fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 143
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Intermediate
Food or waterborne diseases Bacterial diarrhea
Vectorborne diseases Tickborne encephalitis
Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 18
22.3% (2003)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 75
4.6% of GDP (2009)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 98.8%
Male 99.5%
Female 98.2% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 14 years
Male 13 years
Female 14 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 45
Total 21.9%
Male 18.5%
Female 27.2% (2008)


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Hecimovici Licko-senjska Zupanija

Ravnina Brodsko-posavska Zupanija

Zubanove Staje Splitsko-dalmatinska Zupanija

Mijatovac Splitsko-dalmatinska Zupanija

Birine Brodsko-posavska Zupanija

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Svinjkalo Sibensko-kninska Zupanija

Burasevac Brodsko-posavska Zupanija
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