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At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, the Czech part of the country was forcibly annexed to the Third Reich, and the Slovaks declared independence as an ally of Nazi Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist Party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression known as "normalization." With the collapse of Soviet-backed authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its democracy through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Czech(s)
Adjective Czech

Ethnic groups
Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)

Languages
Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)

Religions
Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 84
10,177,300 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
13.5% (male 704,495/female 666,191)
15-64 years
70.2% (male 3,599,774/female 3,554,158)
65 years and over
16.3% (male 663,982/female 1,001,613) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 41.1 years
Male 39.6 years
Female 42.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 205
-0.134% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 214
8.62 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 40
10.94 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 55
0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 74% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
PRAGUE (capital) 1.162 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population
0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 174
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 205
Total 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 4.03 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 64
Total population 77.38 years
Male 74.11 years
Female 80.83 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 214
1.27 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 64
7.6% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.625 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
7.18 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 121
Less than 0.1% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 135
2,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 141
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 36
15.1% (2002)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 111
2.1% (2002)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 95
4.2% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition NA
Total population 99%
Male 99%
Female 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 15 years
Male 15 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 70
Total 16.6%
Male 16.6%
Female 16.7% (2009)


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  Czech Republic (Prague):


  GPS points from Czech Republic (Prague)

Kropfetschlag Jihocesky Kraj

Vroutek Czech Republic (general)

Prislop Jihocesky Kraj

Dolni Jedlova Czech Republic (general)

Vendelin Czech Republic (general)

Wentschitz Czech Republic (general)

Treblova Czech Republic (general)

Bozetitz Czech Republic (general)




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