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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multi-party presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second term in 2005. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but also has strong ties with the US. Djibouti hosts the only US military base in sub-Saharan Africa.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Djibouti
Conventional short form Djibouti
Local long form
Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti
Local short form Djibouti/Jibuti
Former
French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland

Government type
Republic

Capital
Name Djibouti
Geographic coordinates 11 35 N, 43 09 E
Time difference
UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
6 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjourah

Independence
27 June 1977 (from France)

Constitution
Approved by referendum 4 September 1992; note - constitution allows for multiparties

Legal system
Mixed legal system based primarily on the French civil code (as it existed in 1997) and Islamic religious law (in matters of family law and successions), and customary law

International law organization participation
Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)
Head of government
Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita DILEITA (since 4 March 2001)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers responsible to the president
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a five-year term; president is eligible to hold office until age 75; election last held on 8 April 2011 (next to be held by 2016); prime minister appointed by the president
Election results
Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 80.6%, Mohamed Warsama RAGUEH 19.4%

Legislative branch
Unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - constitutional amendments in 2010 provided for the establishment of a senate
Elections
Last held on 8 February 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP (coalition of parties associated with President Ismail Omar GUELLAH) 65

Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court

Political parties and leaders
Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Djibouti Development Party or PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP [Ismail Omar GUELLEH] (governing party); Peoples Social Democratic Party or PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH]; Republican Alliance for Democracy or ARD [Ahmed YOUSSOUF]; Union for a Presidential Majority or UMP [Mohamed Dileita DILEITA] (a coalition of parties including RPP, FRUD, PND, and PPSD); Union for Democracy and Justice or UDJ

Political pressure groups and leaders
NA

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Roble OLHAYE Oudine
Chancery
Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
Telephone [1] (202) 331-0270
FAX [1] (202) 331-0302

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Geeta PASI
Embassy
Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
Mailing address B. P. 185, Djibouti
Telephone [253] 35 39 95
FAX [253] 35 39 40

Flag description
Two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center; blue stands for sea and sky and the Issa Somali people; green symbolizes earth and the Afar people; white represents peace; the red star recalls the struggle for independence and stands for unity

National anthem
Name "Jabuuti" (Djibouti)
Lyrics/music Aden ELMI/Abdi ROBLEH
Note Adopted 1977


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  Djibouti (Djibouti City):


  GPS points from Djibouti (Djibouti City)

Daqsilei Ville De Djibouti

Ni`in Bouyyi Djibouti (general)

`asalali Koma Djibouti (general)

Lahidadao Djibouti (general)

Moudda`a Djibouti (general)

Dikri Dabba Djibouti (general)

Ile De L `est Region D' Obock

Das Daba Djibouti (general)




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