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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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Transportation

Military


The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multi-party presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second term in 2005. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but also has strong ties with the US. Djibouti hosts the only US military base in sub-Saharan Africa.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Djiboutian(s)
Adjective Djiboutian

Ethnic groups
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

Languages
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Population World Ranking: 162
774,389 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
35% (male 132,592/female 132,114)
15-64 years
61.7% (male 206,323/female 260,772)
65 years and over
3.3% (male 11,349/female 13,924) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 22.1 years
Male 20.5 years
Female 23.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 36
2.285% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 59
24.91 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 98
8.08 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 16
6.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 76% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
DJIBOUTI (capital) 567,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.82 male(s)/female
Total population
0.86 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 53
200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 41
Total 53.31 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 60.88 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
45.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 184
Total population 61.57 years
Male 59.15 years
Female 64.07 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 78
2.63 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 95
6.4% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.229 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 26
2.5% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 88
14,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 73
1,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk High
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease Malaria
Note
Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 18
29.6% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 9
8.4% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 67.9%
Male 78%
Female 58.4% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 5 years
Male 6 years
Female 5 years (2009)


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  Djibouti (Djibouti City):


  GPS points from Djibouti (Djibouti City)

Mahlalaw Djibouti (general)

Hagarrey Ville De Djibouti

Banc Moidubis Seghir Ville De Djibouti

`iso Djibouti (general)

Airolaf Region De Tadjourah

Gaboyta Djibouti (general)

Layandou`i Djibouti (general)

Airi Djibouti (general)




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