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Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.


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Geography

Location
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates
15 25 N, 61 20 W

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean

Area World Ranking: 189
Total 751 sq km
Land 751 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
148 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Contiguous zone 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Terrain
Rugged mountains of volcanic origin

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point Morne Diablotins 1,447 m

Natural resources
Timber, hydropower, arable land

Land use
Arable land 6.67%
Permanent crops 21.33%
Other 72% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Total renewable water resources
NA

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Total 0.02 cu km/yr
Per capita 213 cu m/yr (1996)

Natural hazards
Flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months

Environment - current issues
NA

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
Known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world


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  Dominica (Roseau):


  GPS points from Dominica (Roseau)

Batalie Saint Joseph

The Cross Saint David

Morne Paix Bouche Saint Patrick

Boetica Saint Patrick

Morne Plat Pays Saint Luke

Dubuc Point Saint Andrew

Saint George Saint George

Morne Diablotin Saint Andrew




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