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What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period was marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. In late 2008, voters approved a new constitution, Ecuador's 20th since gaining independence. General elections, under the new constitutional framework, were held in April 2009, and voters re-elected President Rafael CORREA.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 54
2.211 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 53
15.333 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Elementary fixed-line service, but increasingly sophisticated mobile-cellular network
Domestic
Fixed-line services provided by multiple telecommunications operators; fixed-line teledensity stands at about 15 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular use has surged and subscribership has reached 100 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 593; landing points for the PAN-AM and South America-1 submarine cables that provide links to the west coast of South America, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and extending onward to Aruba and the US Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media
Ecuador has multiple TV networks and many local channels, as well as more than 300 radio stations; many TV and radio stations are privately-owned; the government owns or controls 5 national TV stations and multiple radio stations; broadcast media required by law to give the government free air time to broadcast programs produced by the state (2007)

Internet country code
.ec

Internet hosts World Ranking: 76
162,281 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 64
3.352 million (2009)


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  Ecuador (Quito):


  GPS points from Ecuador (Quito)

Como Hacemos Provincia De Esmeraldas

Conferencia Provincia Del Azuay

Quebrada De Banos Provincia De Pichincha

Rio Salachi Provincia De Cotopaxi

Segal Provincia Del Guayas

Estero Puna Vieja Chica Provincia Del Guayas

Ichubamba Provincia De Pichincha

Nariguina Provincia Del Azuay




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