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El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of El Salvador
Conventional short form El Salvador
Local long form Republica de El Salvador
Local short form El Salvador

Government type
Republic

Capital
Name San Salvador
Geographic coordinates 13 42 N, 89 12 W
Time difference
UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time All year for 2012

Administrative divisions
14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan

Independence
15 September 1821 (from Spain)

Constitution
20 December 1983

Legal system
Civil law system with minor common law influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Carlos Mauricio FUNES Cartagena (since 1 June 2009); Vice President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government
President Carlos Mauricio FUNES Cartagena (since 1 June 2009); Vice President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2009)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers selected by the president
Elections
President and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held on 15 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2014)
Election results
Mauricio FUNES Cartagena elected president; percent of vote - Mauricio FUNES Cartagena 51.3%, Rodrigo AVILA 48.7%

Legislative branch
Unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 11 March 2012 (next to be held in 2015)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ARENA 33, FMLN 31, GANA 11, CN 7, PES 1, PCD 1

Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (15 judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly; the 15 judges are assigned to four Supreme Court chambers - constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict)

Political parties and leaders
Democratic Change (Cambio Democratico) or PCD; Democratic Convergence or CD [Oscar KATTAN] (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU); Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]; Great Alliance for National Unity or GANA [Andres ROVIRA]; National Conciliation or CN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA] (formerly the National Conciliation Party or PCN); Nationalist Republican Alliance or ARENA [Alfredo CRISTIANI]; Party of Hope or PES [Rodolfo PARKER] (formerly the Christian Democratic Party or PDC)

Political pressure groups and leaders
Labor organizations - Electrical Industry Union of El Salvador or SIES; Federation of the Construction Industry, Similar Transport and other activities, or FESINCONTRANS; National Confederation of Salvadoran Workers or CNTS; National Union of Salvadoran Workers or UNTS; Port Industry Union of El Salvador or SIPES; Salvadoran Union of Ex-Petrolleros and Peasant Workers or USEPOC; Salvadoran Workers Central or CTS; Workers Union of Electrical Corporation or STCEL; business organizations - National Association of Small Enterprise or ANEP; Salvadoran Assembly Industry Association or ASIC; Salvadoran Industrial Association or ASI

International organization participation
BCIE, CACM, CD, CELAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Francisco Robert ALTSCHUL Fuentes
Chancery
Suite 100, 1400 16th Street, Washington, DC 20036
Telephone [1] (202) 265-9671
FAX [1] (202) 234-3763
Consulate(s) general
Brentwood (New York), Boston, Chicago, Coral Gables (Florida), Dallas, Duluth (Georgia), Elizabeth (New Jersey), Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Nogales (Arizona), Santa Ana (California), San Francisco, Woodbridge (Virginia)
Consulate(s) Boston, Elizabeth (New Jersey)

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Sean MURPHY
Embassy
Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador
Mailing address
Unit 3450, APO AA 34023; 3450 San Salvador Place, Washington, DC 20521-3450
Telephone [503] 2501-2999
FAX [503] 2501-2150

Flag description
Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity
Note
Similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band

National symbol(s)
Turquoise-browed motmot (bird)

National anthem
Name
"Himno Nacional de El Salvador" (National Anthem of El Salvador)
Lyrics/music Juan Jose CANAS/Juan ABERLE
Note
Officially adopted 1953, in use since 1879; the anthem of El Salvador is one of the world's longest


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  El Salvador (San Salvador):


  GPS points from El Salvador (San Salvador)

Cangrejera Departamento De Sonsonate

Rio Tahuilapa Departamento De Santa Ana

Isla Conejo Departamento De La Union

Valencia Departamento De San Miguel

Finca Monarca Departamento De Sonsonate

Segura Departamento De La Libertad

Chilcuyo Departamento De Santa Ana

Hacienda San Rafael Departamento De San Salvador




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