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El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Salvadoran(s)
Adjective Salvadoran

Ethnic groups
Mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%

Languages
Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Religions
Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)

Population World Ranking: 106
6,090,646 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
30.6% (male 953,842/female 905,688)
15-64 years
63% (male 1,802,113/female 2,021,191)
65 years and over
6.4% (male 173,363/female 215,577) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 24.7 years
Male 23.4 years
Female 26.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 166
0.303% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 111
17.44 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 174
5.63 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 205
-8.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 64% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.534 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.8 male(s)/female
Total population
0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 81
81 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 98
Total 19.66 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 21.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
17.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 115
Total population 73.69 years
Male 70.41 years
Female 77.12 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 126
2.04 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 168
3.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.596 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 54
0.8% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 67
34,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 61
1,400 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk High
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases Dengue fever
Water contact disease Leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 78
6.1% (2003)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 115
3.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 81.1%
Male 82.8%
Female 79.6% (2007 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 12 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 94
Total 11.4%
Male 13%
Female 8.3% (2007)


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  El Salvador (San Salvador):


  GPS points from El Salvador (San Salvador)

Hacienda El Caulotillo Departamento De La Union

Las Mesas Departamento De San Vicente

Las Delicias Departamento De La Paz

El Lago Departamento De Santa Ana

Rio Chilapa Departamento De Ahuachapan

Municipio De Conchagua Departamento De La Union

Barra Dulce Departamento De Sonsonate

Rio Moscua El Salvador (general)




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