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Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population's living standards have been slow to develop.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Conventional short form Equatorial Guinea
Local long form
Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial/Republique de Guinee equatoriale
Local short form
Guinea Ecuatorial/Guinee equatoriale
Former Spanish Guinea

Government type
Republic

Capital
Name Malabo
Geographic coordinates 3 45 N, 8 47 E
Time difference
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas

Independence
12 October 1968 (from Spain)

Constitution
Approved by national referendum 17 November 1991; amended January 1995

Legal system
Mixed system of civil and customary law

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)
Head of government
Prime Minister Vicente Ehate TOMI (since 22 May 2012)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (no term limits); election last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in 2016); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
Election results
Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected president; percent of vote - Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO 95.8%, Placido Mico ABOGO 3.6%

Legislative branch
Unicameral House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (100 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 4 May 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDGE 89, EC 10, CPDS 1
Note
Parliament has little power since the constitution vests all executive authority in the president

Judicial branch
Supreme Tribunal

Political parties and leaders
Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido MICO Abogo]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO] (ruling party); Electoral Coalition or EC; Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Avelino MOCACHE]; Popular Union or UP [Daniel MARTINEZ Ayecaba]

Political pressure groups and leaders
ASODEGUE (Madrid-based pressure group for democratic reform); EG Justice (US-based anti-corruption group)

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, CPLP (associate), FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Purificacion ANGUE ONDO
Chancery
2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
Telephone [1] (202) 518-5700
FAX [1] (202) 518-5252

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Alberto M. FERNANDEZ
Embassy
KM-3, Carreterade de Aeropuerto (El Paraiso), Apartado 95, Malabo note - relocated embassy is opened for limited functions; inquiries should continue to be directed to the US Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon
Mailing address
B.P. 817, Yaounde, Cameroon; US Embassy Yaounde, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2520
Telephone [237] 2220-1500
FAX [237] 2220-1572

Flag description
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence

National symbol(s)
Silk cotton tree

National anthem
Name
"Caminemos pisando la senda" (Let Us Tread the Path)
Lyrics/music
Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO/Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO or Ramiro Sanchez LOPEZ (disputed)
Note Adopted 1968


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  Equatorial Guinea (Malabo):


  GPS points from Equatorial Guinea (Malabo)

Punta Dalea Equatorial Guinea (general)

Ocuama Provincia De Centro Sur

Ndyong Equatorial Guinea (general)

Basoboa Provincia De Bioko Sur

Akonangui Provincia De Centro Sur

Corro Provincia De Centro Sur

Mangoy Provincia De Litoral

Asok Provincia De Kie-ntem




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