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Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population's living standards have been slow to develop.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)
Adjective
Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Ethnic groups
Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census)

Languages
Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)

Religions
Nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Population World Ranking: 166
685,991 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
41.5% (male 140,946/female 136,294)
15-64 years
54.4% (male 179,141/female 184,358)
65 years and over
4.1% (male 11,880/female 15,606) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 19.2 years
Male 18.7 years
Female 19.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 24
2.607% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 28
34.88 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 73
8.81 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 84
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 40% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
3.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
MALABO (capital) 128,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.75 male(s)/female
Total population
0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 46
240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 15
Total 75.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 76.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
74.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 180
Total population 62.75 years
Male 61.75 years
Female 63.78 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 24
4.83 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 187
2.2% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density
1.92 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 15
5% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 76
20,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 76
Fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease Malaria and yellow fever
Animal contact disease Rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 65
10.6% (2004)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 163
0.6% of GDP (2003)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 93.9%
Male 97.1%
Female 90.6% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 8 years
Male 9 years
Female 7 years (2002)


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  Equatorial Guinea (Malabo):


  GPS points from Equatorial Guinea (Malabo)

Pascual Provincia De Bioko Sur

Arroyo Mameni Equatorial Guinea (general)

Embiert Provincia De Kie-ntem

Eyamoyong Provincia De Centro Sur

Arroyo Nda Equatorial Guinea (general)

Arroyo Masam Equatorial Guinea (general)

Rio Nale Equatorial Guinea (general)

Olun-man Provincia De Kie-ntem




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