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Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 223
2,000 (2010)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 215
3,300 (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment NA
Domestic
Government-operated radiotelephone and private VHF/CB radiotelephone networks provide effective service to almost all points on both islands
International
Country code - 500; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) with links through London to other countries

Broadcast media
TV service provided by a multi-channel service provider; radio services provided by the public broadcaster, Falkland Islands Radio Service, broadcasting on both AM and FM frequencies, and by the British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) (2007)

Internet country code
.fk

Internet hosts World Ranking: 206
111 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 208
2,900 (2009)


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  Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Tank Point Falkland Islands (general)

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Rat Island Falkland Islands (general)




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