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Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Falkland Islander(s)
Adjective Falkland Island

Ethnic groups
British

Languages
English

Religions
Christian 67.2%, none 31.5%, other 1.3% (2006 census)

Population World Ranking: 230
3,140 (July 2008 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years NA
15-64 years NA
65 years and over NA

Population growth rate World Ranking: 188
0.011% (2009 est.)

Birth rate
NA

Death rate
NA

Net migration rate
NA

Urbanization
Urban population 74% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
STANLEY (capital) 2,000 (2009)

Infant mortality rate
Total NA
Male NA
Female NA

Life expectancy at birth
Total population NA
Male NA
Female NA

Total fertility rate
NA

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Literacy
NA


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  Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Caleta Norton Falkland Islands (general)

Bahia Symonds Falkland Islands (general)

Castle Hill Falkland Islands (general)

Sound Point Falkland Islands (general)

Albemarle Harbour Falkland Islands (general)

Isle Brulee Falkland Islands (general)

Laguna Pleasant Falkland Islands (general)

Dunbar Creek Falkland Islands (general)




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