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The population of the Faroe Islands is largely descended from Viking settlers who arrived in the 9th century. The islands have been connected politically to Denmark since the 14th century. A high degree of self government was granted the Faroese in 1948, who have autonomy over most internal affairs while Denmark is responsible for justice, defense, and foreign affairs. The Faroe Islands are not part of the European Union.


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Geography

Location
Northern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Iceland and Norway

Geographic coordinates
62 00 N, 7 00 W

Map references
Europe

Area World Ranking: 183
Total 1,393 sq km
Land 1,393 sq km
Water
0 sq km (some lakes and streams)

Area - comparative
Eight times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
1,117 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 3 nm
Continental shelf
200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Exclusive fishing zone
200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line

Climate
Mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy

Terrain
Rugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point Slaettaratindur 882 m

Natural resources
Fish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

Land use
Arable land 2.14%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 97.86% (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
NA

Environment - current issues
NA

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Marine Dumping - associate member to the London Convention and Ship Pollution

Geography - note
Archipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands


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  Faroe Islands [ Denmark ] (Denmark):


  GPS points from Faroe Islands [ Denmark ] (Denmark)

Stora Faroe Islands (general)

Vagsvotn Suduroy

Kodlur Faroe Islands (general)

Hvannholmur Suduroy

Valen Streymoy

Skuo-shaer Streymoy

Havnardalur Faroe Islands (general)

Skuvoyarbygd Faroe Islands (general)




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