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In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.


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Geography

Location
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates
6 55 N, 158 15 E

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 191
Total 702 sq km
Land 702 sq km
Water 0 sq km (fresh water only)
Note
Includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Area - comparative
Four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
6,112 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Terrain
Islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Natural resources
Timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Land use
Arable land 5.71%
Permanent crops 45.71%
Other 48.58% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Typhoons (June to December)

Environment - current issues
Overfishing, climate change, pollution

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
Four major island groups totaling 607 islands


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  Federated States Of Micronesia (Palikir):


  GPS points from Federated States Of Micronesia (Palikir)



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