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Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are a high standard of education, equality promotion, and national social security system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.


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Military

Military branches
Finnish Defense Forces (FDF): Army, Navy (includes Coastal Defense Forces), Air Force (Suomen Ilmavoimat) (2007)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for male voluntary and compulsory - and female voluntary - national military and nonmilitary service; service obligation 6-12 months; military obligation to age 60 (2012)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 1,155,368
Females age 16-49 1,106,193 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 955,151
Females age 16-49 912,983 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 32,599
Female 31,416 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 69
2% of GDP (2005 est.)


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  Finland (Helsinki):


  GPS points from Finland (Helsinki)

Iso Khyulkmus Province Of Western Finland

Peukalojarvi Province Of Eastern Finland

Isokorpi Province Of Western Finland

Hautala Province Of Western Finland

Rodsher Province Of Western Finland

Korteoja Province Of Eastern Finland

Silvola Province Of Western Finland

Korvela Province Of Western Finland




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