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People and Society






France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO's integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing de Gaulle's 1966 decision to take French forces out of NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.


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People And Society

Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
Adjective French

Ethnic groups
Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
Overseas departments
Black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian

French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
Overseas departments
French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)

Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%
Overseas departments
Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan

Population World Ranking: 21
65,630,692 (July 2012 est.)
The above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

Age structure
0-14 years
18.5% (male 6,180,905/female 5,886,849)
15-64 years
64.7% (male 21,082,175/female 21,045,867)
65 years and over
16.8% (male 4,578,089/female 6,328,834) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 40.4 years
Male 38.8 years
Female 41.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 150
0.497% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 155
12.72 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 72
8.85 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 51
1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 85% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
PARIS (capital) 10.41 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.457 million; Lyon 1.456 million; Lille 1.028 million; Nice-Cannes 977,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.74 male(s)/female
Total population
0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 157
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 212
Total 3.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
3.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 14
Total population 81.46 years
Male 78.35 years
Female 84.73 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 117
2.08 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 171
3.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.497 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
7.11 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 75
0.4% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 33
150,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 57
1,700 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 26
16.9% (2007)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 41
5.6% of GDP (2007)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99%
Male 99%
Female 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 16 years
Male 16 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 39
Total 22.6%
Male 23.4%
Female 21.7% (2009)


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  France (Paris):

  GPS points from France (Paris)

Gorget Centre

Le Fouinet Limousin

La Vezolle Auvergne

Coronne Rhone-alpes

Bois De Cessenon Languedoc-roussillon

Hodeng-hodenger Haute-normandie

Foucherans Franche-comte

Montagne De Sous-dine Rhone-alpes
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