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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Following President BONGO's death in 2009, new elections in brought Ali Ben BONGO, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.


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Geography

Location
Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

Geographic coordinates
1 00 S, 11 45 E

Map references
Africa

Area World Ranking: 77
Total 267,667 sq km
Land 257,667 sq km
Water 10,000 sq km

Area - comparative
Slightly smaller than Colorado

Land boundaries
Total 2,551 km
Border countries
Cameroon 298 km, Republic of the Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km

Coastline
885 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Contiguous zone 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain
Narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point Mont Iboundji 1,575 m

Natural resources
Petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower

Land use
Arable land 1.21%
Permanent crops 0.64%
Other 98.15% (2005)

Irrigated land
40 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources
164 cu km (1987)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Total 0.12 cu km/yr (50%/8%/42%)
Per capita 87 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards
NA

Environment - current issues
Deforestation; poaching

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
A small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity


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  Gabon (Libreville):


  GPS points from Gabon (Libreville)

Mekob Ogooue-ivindo

Tsanda Province De L' Ogooue-lolo

Ikembele Province De L' Ogooue-lolo

Boutijobo Province De La Ngounie

Enganga Haut-ogooue

Endome Ii Province Du Woleu-ntem

Lekoumba Province Du Haut-ogooue

Ile Mbama Ogooue-ivindo




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