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Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.


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Geography

Location
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates
12 07 N, 61 40 W

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean

Area World Ranking: 206
Total 344 sq km
Land 344 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
121 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain
Volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources
Timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use
Arable land 5.88%
Permanent crops 29.41%
Other 64.71% (2005)

Irrigated land
15 sq km

Total renewable water resources
NA

Natural hazards
Lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Environment - current issues
NA

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada


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  Grenada (Saint George's):


  GPS points from Grenada (Saint George's)

Kendace Point Grenada (general)

Chambord Estate Saint Patrick

Calvineny Saint George

Petit Etang Saint David

Jack Iron Point Grenada (general)

Mabouya Saint John

Mount Rodney Saint Patrick

Marli Saint Patrick




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