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Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Grenadian(s)
Adjective Grenadian

Ethnic groups
Black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian

Languages
English (official), French patois

Religions
Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%

Population World Ranking: 188
109,011 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
25.4% (male 14,152/female 13,390)
15-64 years
65.7% (male 36,245/female 34,960)
65 years and over
8.9% (male 4,372/female 5,300) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 29 years
Male 29 years
Female 29 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 148
0.538% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 120
16.81 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 103
7.98 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 182
-3.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 39% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 40,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.1 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.83 male(s)/female
Total population
1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 132
24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 140
Total 11.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
12.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 120
Total population 73.3 years
Male 70.76 years
Female 76.09 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 106
2.15 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 76
7.1% of GDP (2009)

Hospital bed density
2.4 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures World Ranking: 62
4.9% of GDP (2003)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 96%
Male NA
Female NA (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 16 years
Male 15 years
Female 16 years (2009)


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  Grenada (Saint George's):


  GPS points from Grenada (Saint George's)

Saint Paul's Saint George

L'appelle Grenada (general)


Gaulier River Saint Mark

Grand Anse Saint George

Grand Bacolet Saint Andrew

River Sallee Saint Patrick

Mount Granby Estate Saint John




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