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The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees. In January 2012, Guatemala assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 64
1.626 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 45
20.716 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Fairly modern network centered in the city of Guatemala
Domestic
State-owned telecommunications company privatized in the late 1990s opening the way for competition; fixed-line teledensity roughly 10 per 100 persons; fixed-line investments are being concentrated on improving rural connectivity; mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 150 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 502; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the SAM-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media
4 privately-owned national terrestrial TV channels dominate TV broadcasting; multi-channel satellite and cable services are available; 1 government-owned radio station and hundreds of privately-owned radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.gt

Internet hosts World Ranking: 59
346,834 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 72
2.279 million (2009)


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  Guatemala (Guatemala City):


  GPS points from Guatemala (Guatemala City)

Cancin Departamento De Suchitepequez

Quiaxaque Departamento De San Marcos

San Jorge La Laguna Departamento De Solola

San Pedrito Departamento De Quetzaltenango

Sacamil Departamento De Jutiapa

Achitos Departamento De Jutiapa

Finca Carmela Departamento De Escuintla

Piedra Grande Departamento De San Marcos




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