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Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Bailiwick of Guernsey
Conventional short form Guernsey

Dependency status
British crown dependency

Government type
Parliamentary democracy

Capital
Name Saint Peter Port
Geographic coordinates 49 27 N, 2 32 W
Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time
+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions
None (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale

Independence
None (British crown dependency)

Constitution
Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice

Legal system
Customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common law

Suffrage
16 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)
Head of government
Chief Minister Peter HARWOOD (since 1 May 2012); Bailiff Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)
Cabinet
Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister elected by States of Deliberation
Election results
Lyndon TROTT elected chief minister, percent of vote NA

Legislative branch
Unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; note - there are also 10 Douzaine representatives - one from each parish, 2 representatives from Alderney and the appointed attorney general and soliciter general); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments
Elections
Last held on 23 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)
Election results
Percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents

Judicial branch
Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)

Political parties and leaders
None; all independents

Political pressure groups and leaders
Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS; No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]

International organization participation
UPU

Diplomatic representation in the us
None (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the us
None (British crown dependency)

Flag description
White with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings

National symbol(s)
Guernsey cow; donkey

National anthem
Name
"Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
Lyrics/music
George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO
Note
Adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)


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  Guernsey [ United Kingdom ] (British Crown Dependency):


  GPS points from Guernsey [ United Kingdom ] (British Crown Dependency)

Braye Guernsey (general)

Point Sauzebourge Guernsey (general)

Delancey Park Guernsey (general)

Brecqhou Island Guernsey (general)

Hommet Guernsey (general)

Le Quest Guernsey (general)

Convache Chasm Guernsey (general)

Gouliot Passage Guernsey (general)




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