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The native Taino Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first black republic to declare independence in 1804. The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has been plagued by political violence for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations. Continued violence and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti finally did inaugurate a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Over 300,000 people were killed and some 1 milllion left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 161
50,000 (2010)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 111
4.2 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Telecommunications infrastructure is among the least developed in Latin America and the Caribbean; domestic facilities barely adequate; international facilities slightly better
Domestic
Mobile-cellular telephone services are expanding rapidly due, in part, to the introduction of low-cost GSM phones; mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 40 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 509; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media
Several TV stations, including 1 government-owned; cable TV subscription service available; government-owned radio network; more than 250 private and community radio stations with about 50 FM stations in Port-au-Prince alone (2007)

Internet country code
.ht

Internet hosts World Ranking: 180
541 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 99
1 million (2009)


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  Haiti (Port-au-prince):


  GPS points from Haiti (Port-au-prince)

Locarreur Departement Du Centre

Mare Georges Departement De L'ouest

Parron Departement Du Nord-est

Bommier Departement Du Sud-est

Ligneul Departement De L'artibonite

La Patrie Departement Du Nord-est

Trois Palmistes Departement Du Nord-est

Lacachine Departement Du Sud




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