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Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Republic of Honduras
Conventional short form Honduras
Local long form Republica de Honduras
Local short form Honduras

Government type
Democratic constitutional republic

Capital
Name Tegucigalpa
Geographic coordinates 14 06 N, 87 13 W
Time difference
UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time None scheduled for 2012

Administrative divisions
18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro

Independence
15 September 1821 (from Spain)

Constitution
11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended many times

Legal system
Civil law system

International law organization participation
Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state
President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta GUILLEN de Bogran (since 27 January 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government
President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta GUILLEN de Bogran (since 27 January 2010)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by president
Elections
President elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
Election results
Porfirio "Pepe" LOBO Sosa elected president; percent of vote - Porfirio "Pepe" LOBO Sosa 56.3%, Elvin SANTOS Lozano 38.1%, other 5.6%

Legislative branch
Unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members elected proportionally by department to serve four-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
Election results
Percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNH 71, PL 45, PDC 5, PUD 4, PINU 3

Judicial branch
Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 judges are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress)

Political parties and leaders
Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Felicito AVILA Ordonez]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Cesar HAM]; Liberal Party or PL [Roberto MICHELETTI Bain]; National Party or PN [Antonio ALVAREZ Arias]; Social Democratic Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Jorge Rafael AGUILAR Paredes]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Beverage and Related Industries Syndicate or STIBYS; Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras or CODEH; Confederation of Honduran Workers or CTH; Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise or COHEP; National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or BP; United Confederation of Honduran Workers or CUTH; United Farm Workers' Movement of the Aguan (MUCA)

International organization participation
BCIE, CACM, CELAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC (suspended), IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (suspended), OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, Petrocaribe, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO (suspended), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Jorge Ramon HERNANDEZ Alcerro
Chancery
Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Telephone [1] (202) 966-2604
FAX [1] (202) 966-9751
Consulate(s) general
Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Phoenix, San Francisco
Honorary consulate(s) Jacksonville

Diplomatic representation from the us
Chief of mission Ambassador Lisa J. KUBISKE
Embassy
Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa
Mailing address
American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa
Telephone [504] 236-9320, 238-5114
FAX [504] 238-4357

Flag description
Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue, with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people
Note
Similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band

National symbol(s)
Scarlet macaw; white-tailed deer

National anthem
Name
"Himno Nacional de Honduras" (National Anthem of Honduras)
Lyrics/music
Augusto Constancio COELLO/Carlos HARTLING
Note
Adopted 1915; the anthem's seven verses chronicle Honduran history; on official occasions, only the chorus and last verse are sung


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  Honduras (Tegucigalpa):


  GPS points from Honduras (Tegucigalpa)

San Carlos Departamento De Valle

Portillo Grande Departmento De Francisco Morazan

La Escondida Departamento De Choluteca

Alianza Departamento De Valle

Cerro Silvestre Departamento De Choluteca

Mariitas Departamento De Choluteca

Nance Departamento De Olancho

El Limon Departamento De Copan




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