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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

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Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, sluggish economic growth, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 12
21.06 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 11
92.3 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Modern, well developed, fast; fully automated telephone, telex, and data services
Domestic
High-capacity cable and microwave radio relay trunks
International
Country code - 39; a series of submarine cables provide links to Asia, Middle East, Europe, North Africa, and US; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas - 3 for Atlantic Ocean and 2 for Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and NA Eutelsat

Broadcast media
Two Italian media giants dominate - the publicly-owned Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI) with 3 national terrestrial stations and privately-owned Mediaset with 3 national terrestrial stations; a large number of private stations and Sky Italia - a satellite TV network; RAI operates 3 AM/FM nationwide radio stations; some 1,300 commercial radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.it

Internet hosts World Ranking: 3
25.456 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 13
29.235 million (2009)


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  Italy (Rome):


  GPS points from Italy (Rome)


Monte Oro Sardinia


Sala Latium

Villaro Piedmont

Poggio Di Cupo Tuscany

Mercatale The Marches

Canale Molla Tuscany




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