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This desolate, arctic, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Beerenberg volcano, the northernmost active volcano on earth, resumed activity in 1970 and the most recent eruption occurred in 1985.


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Geography

Location
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland

Geographic coordinates
71 00 N, 8 00 W

Map references
Europe

Area World Ranking: 204
Total 377 sq km
Land 377 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
124.1 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 4 nm
Contiguous zone 10 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm
Continental shelf
200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate
Arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog

Terrain
Volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Norwegian Sea 0 m
Highest point
Haakon VII Toppen on Beerenberg 2,277 m
Note
Beerenberg volcano has numerous peaks; the highest point on the volcano rim is named Haakon VII Toppen, after Norway's first king following the reestablishment of Norwegian independence in 1905

Natural resources
None

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
Dominated by the volcano Beerenberg
Volcanism
Beerenberg (elev. 2,227 m) is Norway's only active volcano; volcanic activity resumed in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
Barren volcanic island with some moss and grass


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  Jan Mayen [ Norway ] (Norway):


  GPS points from Jan Mayen [ Norway ] (Norway)

Charcotbreen Jan Mayen

Griegbreen Jan Mayen

Splittodden Jan Mayen

Kreuz Cap Jan Mayen

Kokssletta Jan Mayen

Sud Lagune Jan Mayen

Mount Rudolph Jan Mayen

Draugen Jan Mayen (general)




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