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Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91. The AL-SABAH family has ruled since returning to power in 1991 and reestablished an elected legislature that in recent years has become increasingly assertive. The country witnessed the historic election in May 2009 of four women to its National Assembly. Amid the 2010-11 uprisings and protests across the Arab world, stateless Arabs, known as bidoon, staged small protests in February and March 2011 demanding citizenship, jobs, and other benefits available to Kuwaiti nationals. Youth activist groups - supported by opposition legislators and the prime minister's rivals within the ruling family - rallied in March 2011 for an end to corruption and the ouster of the prime minister and his cabinet. Similar protests continued sporadically throughout April and May. In late September 2011 government inquiries of widespread corruption drew more public anger and renewed calls for the prime minister's removal.



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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Kuwaiti(s)
Adjective Kuwaiti

Ethnic groups
Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%

Languages
Arabic (official), English widely spoken

Religions
Muslim (official) 85% (Sunni 70%, Shia 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%

Population World Ranking: 140
2,646,314 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Includes 1,291,354 non-nationals

Age structure
0-14 years
25.8% (male 348,816/female 321,565)
15-64 years
72.2% (male 1,153,433/female 720,392)
65 years and over
2% (male 25,443/female 25,979) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 28.6 years
Male 29.9 years
Female 26.4 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 61
1.883%
Note
This rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 81
20.96 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 221
2.13 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 93
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 98% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
KUWAIT (capital) 2.23 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.6 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.96 male(s)/female
Total population
1.43 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 145
14 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 160
Total 7.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 7.56 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
8.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 66
Total population 77.28 years
Male 76.09 years
Female 78.51 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 79
2.6 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 87
6.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.793 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 135
0.1% (2001 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA (2007 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 9
28.8% (2000)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 111
3.8% of GDP (2006)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 93.3%
Male 94.4%
Female 91% (2005 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 13 years (2006)


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  Kuwait (Kuwait City):


  GPS points from Kuwait (Kuwait City)

Qasr Mishrif Muhafazat Al Wafrah

Al Jirthamah Muhafazat Al Wafrah

Adh Dhaba`iya Muhafazat Al Wafrah

Fantas Muhafazat Al Ahmadi

Qalib Quraynis Muhafazat Al Wafrah

Duwaydat Muhafazat Al Ahmadi

Fasht Oushair Muhafazat Al Wafrah

Khabra Mitlyaha Muhafazat Al Wafrah




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