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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, nationwide protests led to the resignation and expulsion of BAKIEV. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.


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Military

Military branches
Ground Forces, Air Force (includes Air Defense Forces) (2010)

Military service age and obligation
18-27 years of age for compulsory male military service in the armed forces or Interior Ministry; service obligation - 1 year, with optional fee-based 3-year service in the callup mobilization reserve; women may volunteer at age 19; 16-17 years of age for military cadets, who cannot take part in military operations (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 1,456,881
Females age 16-49 1,470,317 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 1,119,224
Females age 16-49 1,257,263 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 56,606
Female 54,056 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 163
0.5% of GDP (2009)


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  Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek):


  GPS points from Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek)

Gora Dastar Kyrgyzstan (general)

Grigor'yevka Issyk-kul'skaya Oblast'

Ail-torken Jalal-abad Oblasty

Oy-sala Kyrgyzstan (general)

Dzhalamysh Kyrgyzstan (general)

Kodzhoyar Issyk-kul'skaya Oblast'

Uryukhty Kyrgyzstan (general)

It-say Kyrgyzstan (general)




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