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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, nationwide protests led to the resignation and expulsion of BAKIEV. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Kyrgyzstani(s)
Adjective Kyrgyzstani

Ethnic groups
Kyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uighur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)

Languages
Kyrgyz (official) 64.7%, Uzbek 13.6%, Russian (official) 12.5%, Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)

Religions
Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%

Population World Ranking: 111
5,496,737 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
29.3% (male 834,024/female 801,750)
15-64 years
65.4% (male 1,790,534/female 1,865,521)
65 years and over
5.3% (male 114,200/female 181,414) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 25.2 years
Male 24.3 years
Female 26.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 127
0.887% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 67
23.9 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 136
6.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 203
-8.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 35% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BISHKEK (capital) 854,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.63 male(s)/female
Total population
0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 86
71 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 69
Total 30.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 35.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
26.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 150
Total population 69.45 years
Male 65.27 years
Female 73.91 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 73
2.73 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 158
4.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
2.301 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
5.06 beds/1,000 population (2007)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 82
0.3% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 98
9,800 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 91
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 105
2.7% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 32
5.9% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 98.7%
Male 99.3%
Female 98.1% (1999 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 13 years (2009)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 79
Total 14.6%
Male 13.6%
Female 16.2% (2006)


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  Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek):


  GPS points from Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek)

Kzyl-kiya Osh Oblasty

Orgo Jalal-abad Oblasty

Daraut Kyrgyzstan (general)

(( Oshskaya Oblast' )) Kyrgyzstan (general)

Kul'dambes Kyrgyzstan (general)

Sarysogot Jalal-abad Oblasty

Tusu Kyrgyzstan (general)

Koshbulak Osh




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