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The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 28% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 94
532,100 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 134
2.306 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Recent efforts focused on bringing competition to the telecommunications sector; the number of fixed lines is decreasing as mobile-cellular telephone service expands
Domestic
Number of telecommunications operators has grown rapidly since the fixed-line market opened to competition in 2003; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership exceeds 125 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 371; the Latvian network is now connected via fiber optic cable to Estonia, Finland, and Sweden (2008)

Broadcast media
Several national and regional commercial TV stations are foreign-owned, 2 national TV stations are publicly-owned; system supplemented by privately-owned regional and local TV stations; cable and satellite multi-channel TV services with domestic and foreign broadcasts available; publicly-owned broadcaster operates 4 radio networks with dozens of stations throughout the country; dozens of private broadcasters also operate radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.lv

Internet hosts World Ranking: 61
315,889 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 81
1.504 million (2009)


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  Latvia (Riga):


  GPS points from Latvia (Riga)

Rumpa Latvia (general)

Lielupe Ozolnieku Novads

Kankuli Riebinu Novads

(( Ketleri )) Rigas Rajons

Polescina Kraslavas Rajons

Rositten Rezekne

Musa Bauskas Rajons

Birzuli Valkas Rajons




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