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North America
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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)


People and Society






Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendents of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE himself was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for elections that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who faces war crimes charges in The Hague related to his involvement in Sierra Leone's civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. The UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) maintains a strong presence throughout the country, but the security situation is still fragile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country continues.


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Airports World Ranking: 117
29 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
Total 2
Over 3,047 m 1
1,524 to 2,437 m 1 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
Total 27
1,524 to 2,437 m 5
914 to 1,523 m 8
Under 914 m 14 (2012)

Oil 4 km

Railways World Ranking: 115
Total 429 km
Standard gauge 345 km 1.435-m gauge
Narrow gauge 84 km 1.067-m gauge
Most sections of the railways were inoperable because of damage suffered during the civil wars from 1980 to 2003, but many are being rebuilt (2008)

Roadways World Ranking: 135
Total 10,600 km
Paved 657 km
Unpaved 9,943 km (2000)

Merchant marine World Ranking: 2
Total 2,771
By type
Barge carrier 5, bulk carrier 662, cargo 143, carrier 2, chemical tanker 248, combination ore/oil 8, container 937, liquefied gas 92, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 526, refrigerated cargo 102, roll on/roll off 5, specialized tanker 10, vehicle carrier 27
2,581 (Angola 1, Argentina 1, Australia 1, Belgium 1, Bermuda 4, Brazil 20, Canada 2, Chile 9, China 4, Croatia 1, Cyprus 9, Denmark 8, Egypt 3, Germany 1185, Gibraltar 5, Greece 505, Hong Kong 48, India 8, Indonesia 4, Israel 34, Italy 47, Japan 110, Latvia 5, Lebanon 1, Monaco 8, Netherlands 31, Nigeria 4, Norway 38, Poland 13, Qatar 5, Romania 3, Russia 109, Saudi Arabia 20, Singapore 22, Slovenia 7, South Korea 2, Sweden 12, Switzerland 25, Syria 1, Taiwan 94, Turkey 16, UAE 37, UK 32, UK 22, Ukraine 10, Uruguay 1, US 53) (2010)

Ports and terminals
Buchanan, Monrovia


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  Liberia (Monrovia):

  GPS points from Liberia (Monrovia)

Baisu Gbarpolu County

Troyua Montserrado County

Gono River Grand Bassa County

Zodoke Grand Kru County

Balawala Hill Lofa County

Truma Grand Gedeh County

Pine Sinoe County

Beyatle Nimba County
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